Home » English » What is TIGER? » Phase Ⅰ

Phase Ⅰ

1. Research Contents and Methodology

 This research project’s object is the environmental policy related to science and technology. Although limited to the environmental field, it can extend for many branches. In this sense, this project will focus the following fields of study: (1) nuclear power and energy; (2) chemical substances management; and (3) water management. The target countries will be Brazil, China, France, Germany, Thailand and the United States.

(1) Nuclear Power and Energy Field. Largely criticized in many countries, not only in Japan, for lacking a democratic decision-making structure. The accident at the Tokyo Electrical Power Company’s Fukushima nuclear plant has awakened the society for such issue. In Japan, based on the results of deliberative polling, an “innovative energy and environmental strategy” has been developed. However, it has not affected neither the Atomic Energy Basic Law nor the Nuclear Reactor Regulation Law, which remains lacking provisions about public participation. This project will evaluate, in collaboration with international experts, the developments of decision-making instruments on energy policies after the Fukushima accident. As a result, we expect to shed new light on the Japanese profile on participation and nuclear issues, as well as its position before the international community.
(2) Chemical Substances Management Field. As per verified in the PRTR system, risk communication legislation have advanced very fast in many countries. Internationally, the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) and the Minamata Convention on Mercury have both stressed the importance of the dialogue with NGOs and the consensus building. As for the Chemical Substances Management Field, there are many specific and pioneering cases targeted by preceding research, in comparison with the Energy Field. By aggregating such field to this project, we aim at ensuring research results pointing to positive experiences on consensus building.
(3) Water Management Field. It is a source of conflicts especially on international river courses, such as the Columbia, the Mekong and the Danube. Impacts on the biological diversity or technological matters are often the point at issue.
Among the existing public consultation and participation based consensus building instruments, we have the policy-making one and the individual decision-making (ex. activity permit) one. In this project, we will focus the former. However, some aspects of the latter will be taken into consideration to clarify the characteristics of the policy-making based instrument. In doing so, we aim at contributing to the development of an international consensus building mechanism.

 The research method will have the following characteristics. Firstly, as for the three branches of investigation above mentioned, they will be studied from a multidisciplinary perspective comprising the following academic fields: Law, Sustainability Science the Technological Society Theory. Osaka University has specific departments for each of these disciplines, enabling an integrated approach. Secondly, the research representative and other contributors of Osaka University have their own networks in their respective area of expertise. We will combine these unique networks to build an even broader and diversified research network. Finally, the conventional Japanese research on consensus building instruments tends to focus basically on developed countries experiences. However, this project will also count on the participation of front line researchers from Brazil, China and Thailand. That will enable us to widely explore the diversity and commonalities of consensus building instruments across the globe. On the other hand, revealing an international common goal on this matter might prove to be a challenging task.

2. Research Team

Research Representative and Osaka University’s Initiatives

Research Representative
OKUBO Noriko, Professor – Graduate School of Law and Politics
Communication Design Center
KOBAYASHI Tadashi, Professor
HIRAKWA Hideyuki, Professor
Graduate School of Law and Politics
MITSUNARI Kenji, Professor, director of the Communication Design Center
FUKUI Kota, Professor
NAKAYAMA Ryuichi, Professor
Law School
MATSUMOTO Kazuhiko, Professor
School of International Public Policy
MATSUMOTO Mitsuo, Associate Professor
Sustainability Design Center
HARA Keishiro, Associate Professor
Uwasu Michinori, Associate Professor

Research Collaborators and Organizations

BÖHM, Monika, Professor – Marburg University
BOUTONNET, Mathilde, Professor – Aix-Marseille University
DOMINGUES, José Marcos, Professor – State of Rio de Janeiro University
DOREMUS, Holly, Professor – University of California, Berkeley
FARBER, Daniel, Professor – University of California, Berkeley
IGLECIAS, Patrícia, Professor – São Paulo University
PRIEUR, Michel, Professor, President of the International Centre of Comparative Environmental Law
ROSSMANN, Antonio, Lecturer – University of California, Berkeley
SIRIPORN, Wajjwalku, Professor, Dean – Thammasat University
WINICKOFF, David, Associate Professor – University of California, Berkeley
YEH, Jiunn-rong, Professor – National Taiwan University
ZHANG, Xinjun, Associate Professor – Tsinghua University
ZHAO, Huiyum, Associate Professor – Shanghai Jiaotong Univers